The Ten General Physical Skills
In CrossFit we aim to increase your general physical preparedness (GPP) across all domains of physical movement. This means that we encourage people to try and be good at everything and become as well rounded as possible. The original idea behind this was that those in the military, emergency and rescue services needed to be ready to be able to run, jump, lift, swim etc for varying periods of time in often stressful situations.
CrossFit was founded on this basis, people were doing functional movements in a constantly varied fashion to try and train this readiness to do anything at any time. This is the essence of GPP.
This was so successful that people from every walk of life began to use CrossFit as a tool to get fitter and stronger and more importantly in my view, people began to learn how to move properly.
In our quest for ‘fitness’ (the definition of fitness will have to wait for another post) we use ten general physical skills that were developed by CrossFit HQ to help us measure our balance of fitness.
I use these as a measuring stick for how well developed I am as an athlete and I try to be equally competent is each of these skills. I will be the first to admit that some of my physical skills are seriously lacking and I have a lot of work to do to be more balanced. In particular I need to work on my co-ordination agility and balance! Anyone that has seen me dance will agree!!
I want you as members to look at this and think about where you are lacking and where you strong. Try to make time to work on these imbalances and make yourself as well rounded as possible.
- 1. Cardiovascular/respiratory endurance – The ability of body systems to gather, process, and deliver oxygen.
- 2. Stamina – The ability of body systems to process, deliver, store, and utilize energy.
- 3. Strength – The ability of a muscular unit, or combination of muscular units, to apply force.
- 4. Flexibility – the ability to maximize the range of motion at a given joint.
- 5. Power – The ability of a muscular unit, or combination of muscular units, to apply maximum force in minimum time.
- 6. Speed – The ability to minimize the time cycle of a repeated movement.
- 7. Coordination – The ability to combine several distinct movement patterns into a singular distinct movement.
- 8. Agility – The ability to minimize transition time from one movement pattern to another.
- 9. Balance – The ability to control the placement of the bodies center of gravity in relation to its support base.
- 10.Accuracy-Theabilitytocontrolmovementin a given direction or at a given intensity.